The Book of Prophecies: How Columbus Interpreted Biblical Revelations for His Mission
Outline of the article ---------------------- H1: Christopher Columbus Book of Prophecies pdf: What is it and why is it important? H2: Introduction - Who was Christopher Columbus and what did he do? - What is the Book of Prophecies and how did he compile it? - What are the main themes and sources of the book? - What is the purpose and significance of the book? H2: The history and context of the Book of Prophecies - When and where did Columbus write the book? - What were the circumstances and challenges that he faced? - How did he obtain and select the biblical and patristic texts? - How did he organize and edit the book? H2: The content and structure of the Book of Prophecies - How is the book divided into sections and chapters? - What are the main topics and arguments of each section? - How does Columbus interpret and apply the prophecies to his own situation and mission? - How does he relate his discoveries to the history of salvation and the end times? H2: The reception and impact of the Book of Prophecies - How did Columbus present and distribute the book? - Who were his intended and actual readers? - How did they react and respond to the book? - What influence did the book have on his reputation and legacy? H2: Conclusion - Summarize the main points and findings of the article. - Reiterate the importance and relevance of the book for understanding Columbus and his era. - Provide some suggestions for further reading or research on the topic. --- # Christopher Columbus Book of Prophecies pdf: What is it and why is it important? ## Introduction Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) was a Genoese navigator, explorer, and colonizer who is best known for his four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean between 1492 and 1504. He is widely credited with opening up the New World to European exploration, trade, and colonization, as well as initiating contact between different cultures, peoples, and religions. However, he was also a controversial figure who faced many difficulties, disputes, and criticisms during his lifetime and after his death. One of the most intriguing aspects of Columbus's life and personality is his religious vision and motivation. He was a devout Catholic who believed that he was fulfilling a divine plan by discovering new lands and peoples. He also had a strong interest in biblical prophecies, especially those related to the end times, the conversion of all nations, and the liberation of Jerusalem from Muslim rule. To support his vision, he compiled a manuscript known as the Book of Prophecies, which contains hundreds of excerpts from various sources that he considered relevant to his mission. The Book of Prophecies is a fascinating document that reveals a lot about Columbus's mind, beliefs, hopes, and fears. It also provides valuable insights into the religious culture, history, and thought of his time. In this article, we will explore what this book is, how it was written, what it contains, how it was received, and why it is important for understanding Columbus and his era. ## The history and context of the Book of Prophecies Columbus wrote the Book of Prophecies between September 1501 and March 1502, with some additions until about 1505. He wrote it in Spanish, with some Latin quotations. He wrote it in a period of crisis and disappointment in his life. He had just returned from his third voyage to the Indies (1498-1500), which had been marred by conflicts with the Spanish authorities, accusations of mismanagement and tyranny by his enemies, rebellion by some of his followers, and imprisonment by order of King Ferdinand II (1452-1516) . He was also suffering from poor health, financial troubles, legal disputes over his rights and privileges, and doubts about his achievements. Columbus wrote the Book of Prophecies to justify his actions and protect his rights. He wanted to prove that his discoveries were part of a divine plan that had been foretold by the prophets and the saints. He also wanted to persuade the king and the pope to support his plans for further exploration and evangelization of the New World. He hoped that his book would convince them that he was a chosen instrument of God who deserved respect, honor, and assistance. To compile his book, Columbus relied on various sources that he had access to or that were provided to him by his friends and supporters. He mainly used the Bible, especially the Old Testament prophets, the Psalms, and the Apocalypse. He also used excerpts from patristic writings (such as those of Augustine, Jerome, Ambrose, and Gregory the Great), medieval theology (such as those of Thomas Aquinas, Nicholas of Lyra, and Pierre d'Ailly), and contemporary chronicles (such as those of Antonio de Nebrija, Hernando del Pulgar, and Alonso de Palencia) . He selected texts that he thought were relevant to his situation and mission, and that supported his claims and arguments. Columbus organized and edited his book in a somewhat haphazard and unsystematic way. He divided it into four sections: the first one contains an introduction and a letter to King Ferdinand; the second one contains prophecies about the end times, the conversion of all nations, and the liberation of Jerusalem; the third one contains prophecies about the discovery of new lands and peoples; and the fourth one contains prophecies about himself and his role in God's plan . He also added some marginal notes, cross-references, summaries, and comments to explain or clarify some of the texts. However, he did not provide a clear structure, order, or coherence to his book. He often repeated or contradicted himself, mixed different sources without attribution or distinction, and left some passages incomplete or unfinished . ## The content and structure of the Book of Prophecies The Book of Prophecies is a complex and rich document that covers a wide range of topics and arguments. In this section, we will briefly summarize the main points of each section of the book. ### Section 1: Introduction and letter to King Ferdinand This section consists of two parts: an introduction by Columbus himself, and a letter addressed to King Ferdinand. In the introduction, Columbus explains the purpose and origin of his book. He says that he was inspired by God to write it after reading a passage from Isaiah 55:8-9: "For my thoughts are not your thoughts: nor your ways my ways, saith the Lord. For as the heavens are exalted above the earth, so are my ways exalted above your ways, and my thoughts above your thoughts." He says that he realized that God had chosen him to discover new lands and peoples, and that he had fulfilled many prophecies by doing so. He says that he compiled his book to show these prophecies to the king and the pope, so that they would support his plans for further exploration and evangelization. He also says that he wrote his book with the help of his friend Gaspar Gorricio, a Carthusian monk who provided him with some texts . In the letter to King Ferdinand, Columbus praises the king for his piety, wisdom, justice, and generosity. He reminds him of his achievements in uniting Spain under one crown, expelling the Muslims from Granada, sponsoring his voyages to the Indies, and sending missionaries to convert the natives. He also appeals to him to continue supporting his mission, which he says is essential for fulfilling God's will and preparing for the end times. He says that he has discovered many islands and lands that are rich in gold, spices, pearls, and other resources. He also says that he has found signs of a great continent beyond them, which he believes is connected to Asia or even to Paradise. He says that these lands are inhabited by many people who are eager to receive the Christian faith. He says that he has a vision of converting them all with the help of twelve thousand men who would accompany him on his next voyage. He also says that he has a vision of liberating Jerusalem from Muslim rule with the help of these new converts and allies. He says that all this is possible if the king grants him his rights and privileges as Admiral of the Ocean Sea . ### Section 2: Prophecies about the end times, the conversion of all nations, and the liberation of Jerusalem This section contains hundreds of excerpts from various sources that deal with three main themes: the end times (or eschatology), the conversion of all nations (or universalism), and the liberation of Jerusalem (or crusade). Columbus interprets these prophecies in relation to his own situation and mission. The end times are described as a period of tribulation, war, famine, pestilence, ### Section 3: Prophecies about the discovery of new lands and peoples This section contains excerpts from various sources that deal with the theme of the discovery of new lands and peoples. Columbus interprets these prophecies in relation to his own discoveries and their significance. The discovery of new lands and peoples is presented as a fulfillment of God's promises and plans for the expansion of his kingdom and the salvation of his people. Columbus cites several biblical passages that refer to the hidden or unknown parts of the earth, such as Isaiah 45:3: "And I will give thee hidden treasures, and the concealed riches of secret places: that thou mayest know that I am the Lord who call thee by thy name, the God of Israel." He also cites passages that refer to the islands or the ends of the earth, such as Isaiah 42:10: "Sing ye to the Lord a new song, his praise is from the ends of the earth: you that go down to the sea, and all that are therein: you islands, and ye inhabitants of them." He also cites passages that refer to the Gentiles or the nations that will join God's people, such as Isaiah 60:3: "And the Gentiles shall walk in thy light, and kings in the brightness of thy rising." Columbus identifies his discoveries with these prophecies and claims that he has opened up a new world for God's glory and grace. He says that he has found many islands and lands that are rich in natural resources and inhabited by numerous people who are ready to receive the gospel. He says that he has named some of these places after biblical or religious names, such as San Salvador (Holy Savior), Santa Maria de la Concepcion (Holy Mary of the Conception), La Española (The Spanish), and La Navidad (The Nativity). He says that he has planted crosses and erected altars in some of these places, and celebrated masses and baptisms with some of the natives. He says that he has also encountered some signs of ancient civilizations and cultures, such as temples, idols, pyramids, canals, roads, and writings. He says that he believes that some of these people are descendants of the lost tribes of Israel or other biblical figures, such as Ophir, Tarshish, or Sheba. Columbus expresses his admiration and compassion for the natives, whom he describes as simple, gentle, innocent, generous, and hospitable. He says that he has treated them with kindness and justice, and protected them from harm and abuse. He says that he has also instructed them in the basics of the Christian faith, and given them gifts and tokens of friendship. He says that he hopes to convert them all to Christianity with the help of missionaries and teachers who will accompany him on his next voyage. He says that he considers them as his brothers and sisters in Christ, and as potential allies in his crusade for Jerusalem. ### Section 4: Prophecies about himself and his role in God's plan This section contains excerpts from various sources that deal with the theme of himself and his role in God's plan. Columbus interprets these prophecies in relation to his own identity and destiny. Columbus presents himself as a chosen instrument of God who has been called and guided by him to accomplish his mission. He cites several biblical passages that refer to God's servants or messengers who are sent to do his will, such as Isaiah 49:1-2: "Hearken to me O islands: listen ye people from afar. The Lord hath called me from my mother's womb; from my mother's bowels he hath been mindful of my name. And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand he hath protected me." He also cites passages that refer to God's anointing or blessing on his servants or messengers who are faithful to him, such as Psalm 89:21-22: "I have found David my servant; I have anointed him with my holy oil. For my hand shall help him; my arm shall strengthen him." prayers, letters, books, oracles, and prophecies. He says that he has also experienced God's protection and guidance in his voyages and adventures. He says that he has overcome many dangers and difficulties such as storms, shipwrecks, mutinies, betrayals, imprisonments, injuries, illnesses, and enemies. He says that he has also enjoyed God's favor and grace in his successes and achievements such as discoveries, explorations, settlements, conversions, and honors. Columbus expresses his gratitude and humility to God for choosing him and using him for his mission. He says that he recognizes his unworthiness and sinfulness before God, and that he repents of his faults and errors. He says that he acknowledges his dependence and obedience to God, and that he submits to his will and commands. He says that he praises and glorifies God for his goodness and mercy, and that he trusts in his promises and plans. He says that he hopes to serve God until the end of his life, and that he expects to receive his reward and crown in heaven. ## Conclusion In this article, we have explored what the Book of Prophecies is, how it was written, what it contains, how it was received, and why it is important for understanding Columbus and his era. We have seen that the Book of Prophecies is a compilation of apocalyptical religious revelations written by Columbus towards the end of his life to justify his actions and protect his rights. We have seen that the book reveals a lot about Columbus's mind, beliefs, hopes, and fears. We have also seen that the book provides valuable insights into the religious culture, history, and thought of his time. The Book of Prophecies is a fascinating document that deserves more attention and appreciation from scholars and readers alike. It is not only a source of information about Columbus and his era, but also a source of inspiration for anyone who is interested in the topics of prophecy, discovery, conversion, crusade, and eschatology. It is also a source of reflection for anyone who is interested in the questions of identity, destiny, vision, mission, and faith. If you want to learn more about the Book of Prophecies or read it for yourself, you can find it online in pdf format. You can also find some books and articles that analyze and comment on the book from different perspectives. You can also watch some videos or listen to some podcasts that discuss the book from different angles. We hope that this article has sparked your curiosity and interest in the Book of Prophecies and its author. We hope that you will continue to explore this fascinating topic and discover more about it. Thank you for reading! ## FAQs - Q: What is the Book of Prophecies? - A: The Book of Prophecies is a compilation of apocalyptical religious revelations written by Christopher Columbus towards the end of his life to justify his actions and protect his rights. - Q: How did Columbus write the Book of Prophecies? - A: Columbus wrote the Book of Prophecies between September 1501 and March 1502 with some additions until about 1505. He wrote it in Spanish with some Latin quotations. He compiled it with the help of his friend Gaspar Gorricio who provided him with some texts. - Q: What are the main themes of the Book of Prophecies? and peoples, and himself and his role in God's plan. - Q: How was the Book of Prophecies received? - A: The Book of Prophecies was not widely circulated or read during Columbus's lifetime or after his death. It was mostly ignored or forgotten by his contemporaries and successors. It was only rediscovered and published in the 19th and 20th centuries by some historians and scholars who recognized its importance and relevance. - Q: Why is the Book of Prophecies important? - A: The Book of Prophecies is important because it reveals a lot about Columbus's mind, beliefs, hopes, and fears. It also provides valuable insights into the religious culture, history, and thought of his time. It also shows how he interpreted and applied biblical prophecies to his own situation and mission.
Christopher Columbus Book Of Prophecies Pdf