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Download !LINK! Test Call Letter From Https

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) has released the interview schedule for the post of stenographer. The interview will be conducted on 19th and 20th December 2023. The candidates who have applied for the post can download their call letter from the official website of MOD.

The call letter will contain all the necessary details like date, time and venue of the interview. The candidates are required to bring all the original documents at the time of interview. The selection process for the post of stenographer will be based on written test and interview. The written test will be conducted on 9th December 2023. The candidates who will qualify in the written test will be called for the interview. The final selection will be made on the basis of performance in both written test and interview. So, all the candidates are advised to prepare well for both written test and interview to get selected for the desired post.

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The Ministry of Defence (MOD) has released the interview schedule for the post of Junior Engineer (JE), Storekeeper, and Multi Tasking Staff (MTS). The interviews will be held from 1st January 2023 to 5th January 2023. Candidates who have been shortlisted for the interview can download their call letter from the official website of the MOD. The link to download the call letter is provided below.

The Ministry of Defence has released the interview schedule for candidates who have applied for the post of Junior Commissioned Officer. The interviews will be held from 18 December 2023 to 20 December 2023. Candidates can download their interview letters from the www mod gov pk website.

Cerchio et al. (2014) used passive acoustic monitoring to document the presence of singing humpback whales off the coast of northern Angola and to opportunistically test for the effect of seismic survey activity on the number of singing whales. Two recording units were deployed between March and December 2008 in the offshore environment; numbers of singers were counted every hour. Generalized Additive Mixed Models were used to assess the effect of survey day (seasonality), hour (diel variation), moon phase, and received levels of noise (measured from a single pulse during each ten minute sampled period) on singer number. The number of singers significantly decreased with increasing received level of noise, suggesting that humpback whale breeding activity was disrupted to some extent by the survey activity.

The frequency range of the potentially masking sound is important in determining any potential behavioral impacts. For example, low-frequency signals may have less effect on high-frequency echolocation sounds produced by odontocetes but are more likely to affect detection of mysticete communication calls and other potentially important natural sounds such as those produced by surf and some prey species. The masking of communication signals by anthropogenic noise may be considered as a reduction in the communication space of animals ( e.g., Clark et al., 2009) and may result in energetic or other costs as animals change their vocalization behavior ( e.g., Miller et al., 2000; Foote et al., 2004; Parks et al., 2007; Di Iorio and Clark, 2009; Holt et al., 2009). Masking can be reduced in situations where the signal and noise come from different directions (Richardson et al., 1995), through amplitude modulation of the signal, or through other compensatory behaviors (Houser and Moore, 2014). Masking can be tested directly in captive species ( e.g., Erbe, 2008), but in wild populations it must be either modeled or inferred from evidence of masking compensation. There are few studies addressing real-world masking sounds likely to be experienced by marine mammals in the wild ( e.g., Branstetter et al., 2013).

Pace and Silber (2005) also found that the probability of death or serious injury increased rapidly with increasing vessel speed. Specifically, the predicted probability of serious injury or death increased from 45 to 75 percent as vessel speed increased from 10 to 14 knots, and exceeded 90 percent at 17 knots. Higher speeds during collisions result in greater force of impact, but higher speeds also appear to increase the chance of severe injuries or death through increased likelihood of collision by pulling whales toward the vessel (Clyne, 1999; Knowlton et al., 1995). In a separate study, Vanderlaan and Taggart (2007) analyzed the probability of lethal mortality of large whales at a given speed, showing that the greatest rate of change in the probability of a lethal injury to a large whale as a function of vessel speed occurs between 8.6 and 15 knots. The chances of a lethal injury decline from approximately 80 percent at 15 knots to approximately 20 percent at 8.6 knots. At speeds below 11.8 knots, the chances of lethal injury drop below 50 percent, while the probability asymptotically increases toward one hundred percent above 15 knots.


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